Hard Maple is typically grown in forests of North America. Hard maple is also known as “Sugar Maple” producing maple syrup & beautiful fall foliage. Maple has a unique color and grain, which makes it a highly prized woodworking product. Unlike most other hardwoods, the sapwood of hard maple lumber is most used rather than its heartwood. Maple sapwood is very stable, hard, and has a uniform color throughout. Sapwood color ranges from nearly white, to an off-white cream color, sometimes with a reddish or golden hue. The heartwood tends to be a darker reddish-brown and is therefore not often used. The grain is generally straight with a fine, even texture.
Hard Maple can also have specific grain growth patterns that include Curly and Birdseye. Birdseye grain patterns that occur in trees that have a hard time growing and form tiny knots in the grain that resemble small bird’s eyes. Curly grain patterns that occur when ripples in the grain create a three-dimensional effect that appears as if the grain has “curled” along the length of the board.
Maple has a Janka hardness score of 1450 lbs.